CONTEMPORARY NEW AGE ARCHITECTS:
Cervera & Pioz: (Madrid, Spain)
-Founded by Javier Pioz and Rosa Cervera in1979.
-Their projects have been worldwide rewarded with prizes and awards and their achievements are honoured and recognized at a global level.
-The first architects in Spain to integrate modern Bionics into their architectural
Bionic Architecture finds a link in between Nature and modern days engineering and construction. Biology is rediscovered. Bionics approaches natural structures, biological growth of plants and other organic species and organisms scientifically and then applies its patterns to technical or industrial creations. Bionics is a revolutionary symbiosis that creates a harmonious get together in between technology and nature. Redefined in an architectural context It can complement modern as well as traditional constructions and open a bioenvironmental gate way into an architectural New Age that merges high tech and industrial design with a certain (environmental) awareness and respect for our organic and biological origin.
Robert Harvey Oshatz: (Portland,USA)
-Robert Harvey Oshatz established his architectural firm in 1971.
-He has been published nationally and internationally and some of his projects have been exposed in museums and exhibitions.
-He has been a speaker and lecturer at different architectural events and educational institutions.
Robert Harvey Oshatz approaches architecture as a synthesis of logic and emotion and approaches his designs intuitively. In his opinion architecture should go beyond of what is pure construction and reach its spiritual essence. His buildings are at peace environmentally, but so are their inhabitants. Ecologically sustainable architecture, natural structures, integrated into different locations harmonically combined in an artistic, organic way.
Imre Makovecz: (Budapest, Hungary)
-Imre Macovecz is working as an architect since 1950.
-He attended technical University in Budapest.
He was influenced strongly by Rudolf Steiner. So he respects natural surroundings and environments rather than to oppose or suppress them. Makovecz began his work criticizing the communist regime. After its downfall it still comments on globalization and corporate culture.
"We shall not ask who or what is the not-personal intelligence. But we should recognize it's servants, and we should discover when and where it settles within our being, within our own being, when and how it changes the human being into a monster."
Nowadays Macovecz is one of the most prominent proponents of organic architecture.
Javier Senosiain: (Mexico)
-Professor at the UNAM, department of architecture.
-Author of the book “Bio-Architecture”.
He was influenced by Friedensreich Hundertwasser. His architecture reflects impressions of the colorful world of Mexican art as well as that it remodels esthetic aspects of animal and human form attributes into widely varied extraordinary buildings.
Cal-Earth / Nader Khalili (1936-2008): (California, USA)
-Nader Khalili, founder of Cal-Earth-institute in California. Born in Iran, he served as a consultant to the U.N. and has been known as an architect, author and humanitarian.
The Californian institute of earth-art and architecture and his founder architect Nader Khalili stand for earth houses, sandbag homes, ceramic architecture and lunar architecture. This means building from raw, naturally given materials (including the moon’s soil), applying super adobe building systems. Cost effective, solid, weather tight, low cost and eco friendly .
To build for example the sandbags home, long or short sandbags are filled with on site earth and arranged in long layers with strands of barbed wire placed between them, to act as both mortar and reinforcement. Stabelizers such as cement, lime or asphalt emulsion might be added.
Vetsch Architecture/ Peter Vetsch: (Germany/Switzerland)
-Peter Vetsch attended the academy of arts in Düsseldorf, Germany, where he graduated in 1970. After his diploma he worked for architecture offices in Germany and Switzerland.
-Peter Vetsch runs his own architecture office in Dietikon, (Switzerland) since 1978.
Earth House Architecture:
Since the late 70's, Peter Vetsch has made a name for himself with his earth house architecture. To date he has built over 70 earth houses in Switzerland and other countries throughout the world. Earth houses by Peter Vetsch are based on the interpretation of an environmentally conscious, ecological and progressive architecture. Next to the earth houses, Peter Vetsch also builds conventional houses.
With his technology he manages to create building shells which encompass maximum space volume with a minimum of surface area, an ideal form for energy saving. These constructions avoid right angles. Their spatial diversity overcomes the monotony of standardized traditional designs. The curvy forms of the earth-houses are an ideal synthesis between form and function. The emotional form is an hommage to the natural environment. The home’s organic shape rolls with the landscape.
Compared to traditional residential houses built on the ground, the aim of building an earth house is another: Not to live under or in the ground, but with it,” ….!
May the structures appear primitive and archaic on the outside, the interiors feature luxurious facilities furnishings and equipment.
Earthship Biotecture/Michael Reynolds: (New Mexico)
-The company is lead by Michael Reynolds, the principle biotect and creator of the Earthship concept.
-Michael Reynolds graduated University of Cincinnati, 1969, Bachelor of Architecture and has received countless awards for the ideas and realities of his pioneering eco-architecture.
Earthfriendly /Garbage /Recycling Architecture:
What do beer cans, car tires and water bottles have in common? Not much unless you're renegade architect Michael Reynolds, in which case they are tools of choice for producing thermal mass and energy-independent housing. For 30 years New Mexico-based Reynolds and his green disciples have devoted their time to advancing the art of "Earthship Biotecture" by building self-sufficient, off-the-grid communities where design and function converge in eco-harmony.
The Earthship is a completely independent globally oriented dwelling unit. The Earthship has been designed to reduce our impact on the planet and increase our connection to it. The Earthship utilizes recycled and low embodied energy materials, passive solar heating and cooling, photovoltaic power system, catchwater, solar hot water, gray water and black water treatment systems.
The major structural building component of the Earthship is recycled automobile tires filled with compacted earth to form a rammed earth brick encased in steel belted rubber. This brick and the resulting bearing walls it forms is virtually indestructible. Aluminum Cans and Glass/Plastic Bottles: These 'little bricks' are a great, simple way to build interior, non-structural walls. Aluminum cans walls actually make very strong walls. The 'little bricks' create a cement-matrix that is very strong and very easy to build. Bottle can create beautiful colored walls that light shines through.
PQL Studio / How2live: (Denmark)
-PQL Studio is run by architect, planning specialist and concept developer Peter Qvist Lorentsen.
The world’s oil resources are swiftly running out.
The last cheap oil in the world is limited and the oil prices are rising. The CO2-outlet is causing problems to the environment etc.
The hydrogen technology could be the missing link that would accelerate and secure the use of renewable energies in the long-term.
During the last couple of years, development and commercialization of solar, wind and hydrogen technologies has made a great leap forward. Today, hydrogen technologies can be applied in a wide range of products:
Batteries in cell-phones, computers, and electric vehicles, not to mention large hydrogen based energy storage capacities for energy grids including powering our houses.
This will result in new demands to design, function and shape of buildings.
A city run on hydrogen might sound far-fetched, but it is already in the pipeline. Architect Peter Qvist Lorentsen, and the PQL Studio from Denmark, have been doing extensive research on hydrogen as an energy resource for architecture, and are in the midst of realizing a hydrogen-powered city, H2PIA, in their country.
Which could change the future of architecture and infrastructure of the world.
The connection between solar cells, wind energy, hydrogen technology and buildings is obvious to many with an increasing understanding for the architectural potentials in renewable energy.
In the future our buildings can act like many, huge decentralized batteries able to produce and store their own power all connected to the utility grid selling and buying energy when necessary.
Enno Wiersma: ( Netherlands)
-Masters in engineering at the architectural department of technical university in Delft.
-The international career includes projects in:
The Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Vienna (Austria), Tokyo - Osaka (Japan), Mali (Africa), Mexico, New York - California (U.S.A.).
-Habitation Space International Award 1981 for two projects: the Arts & Crafts Center in Amsterdam; the House in Haaften.
Healthy Holistic Architecture / Earth Architecture:
The architectural studio promotes ecological and healthy building physically as well as spiritually.
Live should be ecological and healthy. The studio tries to improve health through architecture. To know which factors of a building are influencing health and wellbeing of their inhabitants is not easy.
Asbestos is one brilliant example. Used over years and finally found to be toxic.
Another example is general health problems that can be found in people who on a day to day base work/live in the same unhealthy, polluted building. Headaches, depression, uso. Which are only recently found to appear, not due to the inhabitants disease but the unhealthy condition the building is in. There are several reasons leading to those problems. Like air-condition, to little/much light, wet walls and humidity, mould, allergy producing building materials uso. The more we get to know about these influences to the human mind and body the more theories like Feng Shui and holistic anthroposophical theories get rediscovered in an architectural context and integrated into an organic, holistic and healthy entireness.
Enno Wiersma puts it in a very simple way:
“The benefits of eating healthy are well known by now, those of building healthy are only just about to shine through.”
Sture Larsen: (Austria)
-Sture Larsen is an independent architect working in Vorarlberg Austria.
-Affordable low energy housing brought him several awards beginning with the Binding Award for Environmental Conservation, 1989, and culminating in the Austrian State Award for Energy Research in 1997.
-His building projects lead to further work related to solar architecture such as consulting work for institutions for energy conservation, numerous lectures for professionals and research work for the International Energy Agency such as "Solar Air Systems" and "Sustainable Solar Housing"
Solar architecture is the art of designing energy efficient buildings with a high level of comfort. Quality of life and the experience of a self-efficient ambient are just as much a goal as protecting the environment. It implies a careful balance of thermal conservation, choice of construction and the use of solar energy.
Example: The house of the Future
The major part of the required energy will be provided by passive and active solar energy systems based on air collectors and thermal storage. By placing large windows in the south facade, passive solar gains are used to further reduce the auxiliary energy consumption. As well they support the typical glasshouse look, that is common for most projects of solar architecture. Solar collectors in the roof provide energy for domestic hot water.Electricity is provided by two PV systems. The PV system on the roof of the garage charges the battery of the solar car. The hybrid PV system on the house is part of the active solar air collector and provides both electricity and heat.
-The national association of building with straw bales (FASBA) is a non profit organisation with about 130 members and is acting nation wide.
-FASBA has two main objectivs, one is to promote the technical transfer of building methods and the other is to encourage the comprehension and the facilities for self builder.
Straw bale architecture:
An old building material obtains new reputation. In the late 19.th century building with baled straw came up with the development of steam driven presses. The first houses were built in Nebraska.
Straw bales have a unique status in the area of building law and building material approval. It is a non-industrial “product”, which grows on the fields. There is no producer in the usual sense, but numerous farmers who would benefit of an appreciation of the rarely used byproduct. It is hoped that as a result of legalizing the straw bale as building material, the demand will rise. In industrial countries, especially Germany, there are several obstacles to this unusual building material philosophy.
In the production of grain as one of the most important food straw bales occur almost as a waste product. Around 20% of the total harvest is not used for agricultural means and is available for other purposes. With this amount of baled straw ca. 350.000 one-family-houses per year could be built. For the production of straw bales only very small amounts of primary energy is needed.
There are several methods to build straw bale houses. Basically load bearing (on the basis of traditional design) and non- load bearing constructions are distinguished.
Marcel Kalberer :(Germany)
-Working with architects and constructors of the german studio “Sanfte Structuren”.
-Born in Switzerland in 1960.
-developed his special technique of bundling and building live willow rod constructions in 1988.
Marcel Kalberer and his Sanfte Strukturen Atelier, see themselves as experimental architects, producing experimental architecture that can be described as a rather radical branch of Organic Architecture: “Botanical Architecture”.
Their distinctive choice of method and material, forms constructions that site themselves at the boundaries of architecture, art, and landscape.
Kalberer’s work bears strong influences of the distinctive Land Art movement. Born in the 1960’s, this line of thought was a crucial moment in the history of both art and architecture where art bridged the barriers between architecture and landscape, and embraced political critique, including that of the practice of art and architecture.
The projects are living projects. Live organic vegetations, used to replace conventional building material and ingredients. Cathedrals and Palaces build from willows, trees and bushes, producing constantly changing forms and structures due to the growing process. Responsive architecture, living and alive constructions, changing with natural climatic cycles, turning from green and lush to bare and minimal, and vice versa, Parametric design and self-regulating systems, thus achieved with a simplistic gesture.
Marcel Kalberer: I like the term „living architecture“ not only because of his botanical and ecological implications but also because of the social and individual dimension. This is construction by a community of volunteers. It contrasts and enriches the conventional architecture performed by professionals and experts .
Gabriel Silva/Piramicasa: (Spain)
-Gabriel Silvais the founder of “Piramicasa” in Alicante, Spain
-He was born in Argentinia and is the author of the book “Sacred technology of the pyramids”.
-Constructed his 1st pyramid in 1973 and studies the therapeutic benefits of pyramids and their shapes.
Pyramid Architecture (Construction):
Pyramids are not tombs. They are chambers of energy, revitalization and health.The effectiveness of the energy of pyramids is demonstrated in the improvement and complete cure of diseases such as rheumatism, diseases of the circulatory system, digestive problems, bacterial infections, migraines, fatigue, stress…,The perfect pyramid has a series of effects and extraordinary advantages that the old civilizations knew about and used in different ways. Those advantages are known as “pyramidal energy “ or pyramidal effect” and benefit the body through geomagnetism. As well on Architecture it has its positive impact. Weather the construction is a house, a hotel, a museum or moreover a therapeutic centre, pyramidal construction is an irresistible option to add value to any conventional building.In addition to being ideal for its preventive therapeutic power, it can be connected to other general use applications. Piramicasa publishes some ideas for models of houses and other objects on the web. As well do they publish official scientific certifications of Cuba that describe the effects of pyramidal shapes and their effects and interactions with the electromagnetic earth field. Gabriel Silva and his company are pioneers in exploring the many several effects of this ancient technology. They have advised different groups on the construction of pyramids in several countries.